Cervical osteochondrosis is a disease characterized by pain in the neck, head, shoulder girdle and circulatory disorders in the brain. Due to the localization of the pathological process and contradictory manifestations, patients are forced to consult a specialist for help. If you do not start treatment on time, the disease can lead to a common form of osteochondrosis and complete disability. The symptoms and treatment are the same in men and women.
The disease is characterized by degenerative-dystrophic changes in the cervical spine intervertebral disc. This is due to metabolic disorders in the cervical spine, as a result of which the structure of the discs and the body changes. The child's body may be affected due to an inherited pathological structure of the spine or birth trauma.
The main causes of cervical osteochondrosis include:
- irreversible events in cartilage tissue (deposition of salts leads to a violation of the properties of shock absorption in the vertebrae, reduces the elasticity and resilience of cartilage tissue);
- increased salt levels in the blood and lymph (a static lifestyle reduces the rate of exchange between muscle and bone tissue, resulting in less salt penetrates the muscles, accumulates in physically inactive areas. spine, joints, liver, kidneys);
- prolonged stay in a position that causes excessive strain on the muscles of the back and neck (the vessels that supply the spine are constricted, which leads to intervertebral cartilage dystrophy);
- obesity (intervertebral discs and spine are deformed due to high load, muscle corset is weakened);
- improper metabolism (imbalance of minerals in bone tissue).
Symptoms of the disease:
- neck pain, back of the head, arms, shoulders, difficulty moving the head, crushing when bending or turning the head;
- pain in the chest with radiation to the left arm, burning sensation in the interscapular region;
- sometimes there are headaches, weakness, fatigue;
- neck pain spreads to shoulder and arm, fingers numb;
- With exacerbation of the disease, vision and hearing deteriorate, dizziness, numbness of the face and tongue, changes in the activity of the heart and lungs.
Conventionally, the symptoms of the disease can be divided into several groups:
- Neurological manifestations (chest, muscles, joints, neck, back of head).
- Pathological effects on the spinal cord (myelopathy, weakness in the limbs, involuntary convulsions, intervertebral cartilage dystrophy).
- Symptoms associated with processes in the brain (due to insufficient blood circulation, hearing loss, ringing and tinnitus, dizziness, sleep disorders, memory impairment, irritability, rapid fatigue).
Stages of disease development:
- Stage 1 - severe cervical spasms, numbness of the tongue, Naffziger syndrome (compression of the subclavian artery), Wright syndrome (stabbing sensations when throwing the hand behind the head).
- Stage 2 - severe pain in the back of the neck, discomfort when turning the head, impaired ability to work, "falling" head syndrome (you should hold your head with your hands to reduce discomfort in the neck).
- Stage 3 - loss of control over the limb, changes in vestibular sensations, severe pain in the neck.
Home treatment of the disease is based on the use of ointments, compresses, herbal rubs, as well as massage. Folk remedies are based on warming the affected area of the spine, which helps to get rid of pain and inflammation.
The best ointments for the treatment of cervical osteochondrosis:
- To prepare the hop ointment, you need to mix a tablespoon of softened butter with a dry cone. Spread the mixture in a thin layer on the cervical spine, apply a waterproof material, woolen cloth and leave for half an hour.
- Powder the bay leaf and juniper needles. 1 tbsp. l. 2 tablespoons powder mixture. l. softened vegetable oil, apply to the cervical region, cover with polyethylene, woolen cloth and leave for half an hour.
- 1 tbsp. l. Mix 2 tablespoons of dried celandine, calendula, hops and mint powder. l. vegetable oil. Use the ointment as in previous recipes.
- Mix vodka, camphor alcohol, mustard powder in equal proportions. Add 3 whipped proteins to the prepared mixture and mix thoroughly. The product should be used before bedtime. After applying the ointment, wrap your neck with a warm cloth.
- Peel a squash, grate it and squeeze the juice. The ointment should be applied to the neck and back every day.
- With burdock you can fight the pain. Powder the dried burdock leaves and pour 1 tbsp. l. 200 ml of boiling water. Leave the product to infuse for half an hour. Moisten the decoction, put it on the back of the neck, cover with polyethylene and a warm cloth. The compress should be applied to the neck for 20 minutes, after which the site of application should be isolated.
- Crush 150 g of jam and pour 500 ml of vodka, leave to infuse for a week, then strain. Before using the product, add 150 ml of warm water to 50 ml of tincture, then moisten the fabric and warm it with a woolen scarf for half an hour. If you use the broth to grind, you do not need to dilute it with water.
- In equal proportions, mix the crushed dried roots of St. John's wort, burdock and dandelion. 1 tbsp. l. collection, pour 200 ml boiling water and boil on low heat for 5 minutes. After the product has cooled, moisten a piece inside, fasten it around your neck and wrap it with an insulating bandage. The compress can be released overnight.
- A fresh horseradish leaf should be immersed in warm water and applied to the cervical spine with a warm cloth. You can put such a compress at night. There may be a burning sensation, do not be afraid, it should be so.
- Spread cottage cheese on a thick layer of compressed cloth, sprinkle with vinegar and place on the back of your neck. The compress can be stored all night.
- Chop a potato, add 1 tbsp. l. distribute the honey and mass on the compress piece. Apply the bandage on the problem area for an hour and a half.
- Mix 50 ml of aloe juice with 100 g of honey and 150 ml of vodka, apply on a cloth and apply on the problem area for an hour.
- You can use kerosene for heating. Moisturize the inside of the product, apply to the neck, cover with polyethylene and a warm cloth. Do not keep the compress for more than an hour.
- 1 tbsp. l. Pour the dried wormwood into a thermos and pour 300 ml of boiling water. After two hours, filter the infusion, cool slightly and apply to the affected area.
- Pour 100 g of fresh lilac flowers in a glass jar, pour 1 liter of vodka and leave for a week and a half in a dark room. After that, the tincture is enough to strain and can be used for daily rubbing.
- Pour 200 g of peeled garlic in 0. 5 liters of vodka and keep in a dark room for a week, shaking daily. The product must first be emptied to prevent burns.
- Dilute 1 tablet of mummy in a small amount of warm water and mix with 1 tbsp. l. bal. Massage the mixture into the cervical region. Then, apply a small amount of honey to the compress piece, straighten the back of the neck and leave until the morning.
- Mix 300 ml of medical alcohol with 10 ml of iodine and rub the problem areas for a week.
Self-massage is an effective way to treat the disease at home. During this period, blood circulation, blood pressure, metabolic processes normalize, neck muscles relax. When massaging, you should follow simple rules:
- use your fingers, not your palms;
- move slowly from the spine to the surroundings;
- do not use force during massage;
- the neck should be straight;
- movements are carried out from top to bottom;
- The procedure should start from the upper vertebra.
When massaging at home, you need to sit on a flat surface, cross your legs and put the elbow of the same hand on your knee with your thrown foot. Rub the neck and head muscles with the fingers of the opposite hand for a few minutes and knead.
Massage is recommended after the pain symptoms have subsided, as increased blood flow can increase inflammation, and such therapy will aggravate the condition. In addition, you can do simple exercises that will reduce pain symptoms:
- head movement: forward and forward, left and right;
- lift the chest while lying on your knees;
- circular movements with the shoulders.
The applicator is a special rubber plate or elastic neck roll with needles containing the required amount of iron, copper and zinc. The components act on skin receptors and cause the body to release natural painkillers - endorphins. The neck should be worn for several hours a day, lasting an average of a month.
The collar can only be used after consultation with a specialist, as in some cases the device can compress nerves and blood vessels, which can lead to serious consequences.
In case of exacerbation of cervical osteochondrosis, you should immediately seek professional help. You should give first aid before the doctor comes: exercise less, the optimal solution is to sleep. Painkillers can be taken to reduce inflammation and relieve root pain.
You can take diuretics to relieve swelling in the area of inflammation. You can apply pepper plaster on your neck during the day.
With cervical osteochondrosis, the diet should be balanced, so it is worth contacting a nutritionist. Small amounts of mineral water and salt should be consumed. Food should be steamed, baked or boiled.
The foods you eat should be rich in protein (almonds, legumes, herbs, dairy products) and chondroitin (cartilage, agar). Coffee is worth eliminating from the diet because it removes calcium from the body. Legumes, cereals, sesame seeds should be added to the diet.
To prevent cervical osteochondrosis, the simplest prophylactic methods should be followed:
- to move more, to swim, to dance, to walk Scandinavia;
- avoid the appearance of excess weight;
- prevention of microtrauma in the cervical spine;
- to control posture;
- Treat chronic infections (ENT organs).
Danger of disease
Failure to diagnose the disease in time or an advanced form can lead to difficulty breathing due to hernias and bulges, severe migraines, and blocked muscles. It causes blood vessels and heart problems. Stroke can occur because of poor blood circulation. It is impossible to get rid of the disease forever, you can only reduce the likelihood of exacerbation.
In medical practice, deaths are rare if not treated in time.