Back pain

back pain in a woman

Back pain belongs to the whole list of diseases with common clinical manifestations.

Up to 70% of people in developed countries experience back pain every year. This figure includes women and men between the ages of 35 and 55. Low back pain in children is not an exception, but in recent decades it has been caused by minimal physical effort, including sitting at a computer for long periods of time and doing sports.

Low back pain is chronic and acute. It can develop suddenly or gradually, and at the same time it hurts for a long time, it can be dull or sharp, but it can appear suddenly and pass quickly.

Unpleasant sensations occur both when you are calm and when you cough, sneeze or move carelessly. This is a sign that the body is starting to have problems with the spine and surrounding muscles.

Causes of back pain

In most cases, back pain is the result of damage to the muscles of the skeletal system. Another factor that causes pain in the spine is changes in the spine, such as herniated discs. In very rare cases, the pain is caused by a serious illness such as bone cancer. Tumors and inflammatory processes in the human internal organs play an equally important role. Ischemic heart disease and angina pectoris are often considered a prerequisite for pain.

The main causes of back pain are:

  • Muscle spasms;
  • Curly;
  • Bleeding in the pelvis;
  • Infections;
  • Metastatic cancer;
  • Pregnancy and more.

Diseases that cause back pain:

  • Kyphosis;
  • Scoliosis;
  • Disc protrusion in the thoracic spine;
  • Osteochondrosis;
  • Spondyloarthritis;
  • Shoulder-scapular periarthritis;
  • Intercostal neuralgia or lumbago;
  • Endometriosis;
  • Kidney stones, etc.

Low back pain in the upper back is a typical symptom of osteochondrosis caused by overwork due to sitting in the workplace for a long time, posture curvature. Belt pain, which manifests itself periodically or continuously and spreads to the abdomen, is associated with tumors of the internal organs, gastric ulcer and pancreatitis.

Pain in the lower back can also spread to the legs. Ankylosing spondylitis can cause radiculitis, intervertebral hernia. Possible causes include thoracic lumbar osteochondrosis and an uncomfortable position of the body between the shoulder blades, chest pain and lack of fever.

Sudden back pain:

  • With colds, tuberculosis and other respiratory diseases, they manifest themselves with an increase in body temperature in the upper part.
  • Pain in the lower back may be due to inflammation of the genitals. It occurs as a result of such diseases: endometriosis, prostatitis, fibroids.
  • Acute low back pain, which can be on the right or left side, is a sign of kidney problems or kidney stones.

What to do with back pain?

doctor's examination for back pain

There are many different treatments for effective relief of painful feelings and symptoms. Often, in the early stages of treatment, doctors recommend the use of pills for back pain.

In general, treatment with these drugs gives good results and does not give negative results. However, it should be noted that all painkillers have a negative effect on the stomach, and an allergic reaction to them is not excluded.

Your doctor may also consider treatment with a muscle relaxant to relieve muscle spasms.

If the disease is severe, non-steroidal drugs are recommended. These are mainly dosage forms in the form of intramuscular or intravenous injections.

In addition, in addition to methods to combat the symptoms of pain syndrome, local remedies in the form of gels and ointments with warming, cooling, anti-inflammatory, restorative, analgesic, solvent effects can be used.

In some very severe cases, painkillers are recommended. It is often prescribed for cancer and tumors.

Surgical intervention

Surgery may be considered if the back pain is caused by a herniated disc, spinal stenosis, or sciatica that does not respond to medication or physiotherapy.

Other treatments

acupuncture for back pain

At this stage of human development, there are alternative treatments such as yoga, massage and acupuncture.

Manual therapy, acupuncture or massage for back pain are becoming more and more fashionable.

For the vast majority of people, the chances of these methods existing are all and can be beneficial, because each of us reacts a lot because we are looking for different ways to leave the pain uncontrolled and alleviate it.

If there are no inflammatory processes, you can use folk remedies to relieve pain. Alternative methods can only be used as adjunctive therapies. You should consult your doctor before using them.

Prevention of back pain

Preventive measures to prevent back pain include:

  • Physiotherapy, swimming pool or gym;
  • Do not lift or carry weights in front of you. Do not use shakes when lifting loads, but do it smoothly;
  • Sleeping on orthopedic mattresses and hard surfaces;
  • Maintain a healthy lifestyle and control your weight;
  • Use only comfortable furniture for work;
  • Choose comfortable shoes with a fixed low heel;
  • Follow your posture.